This is likely due to the lack of legal and technical expertise needed to develop legislation to implement flexibility, which has often led developing countries to directly copy intellectual property legislation in industrialized countries or to need technical assistance from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) that encourages them to , according to critics like Cory Doctorow to introduce more powerful intellectual property monopolies. In particular, the TRIPS requires WTO members to grant intellectual property rights to authors and other copyright holders as well as to neighbouring rights holders, i.e. performers, phonograms and broadcasters; Geographical indications Industrial designs; Built-in switching designs Patents New plant varieties Brands; Trade names and undisclosed or confidential information. TRIPS also defines enforcement procedures, remedies and dispute resolution procedures. The protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights must be consistent with the objectives that contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual benefit of producers and users of technological knowledge, and in a way that promotes social and economic well-being, and a balance of rights and obligations. The 2002 Doha Declaration confirmed that the TRIPS agreement should not prevent members from taking the necessary steps to protect public health. Despite this recognition, less developed countries have argued that flexible TRIPS provisions, such as mandatory licensing, are almost impossible to obtain. The least developed countries, in particular, have made their young domestic manufacturing and technological industries proof of the infallible policy. For the purposes of dispute resolution under this agreement, and subject to Articles 3 and 4, this agreement is not used to address the issue of the depletion of intellectual property rights. TRIPS has imposed the dominant system of intellectual property on the world in the United States and Europe, as humans are today.